Castel dell'Ovo in Naples, fortress & former royal residence

Colosseum is Rome's most visited landmark
The masterpiece of Roman architecture 

Rome/Italy (2018) – It certainly doesn't look pretty, rather decayed like an old ruin. Despite its awful past, today it is one of the most visited landmarks in the world. More than 4 million visitors come to Rome every year to see the famous Roman Colosseum which makes it the most visited tourist attraction of Rome. The largest amphitheater in the world (189m long by 156m wide and 48 m high / 620 ft by 511 ft and 157 ft) is considered one of the greatest work of Roman architecture and engineering. The "Flavian Amphitheatre", as it was called, was built in less than 10 years, from 72 A.D to 81 A.D, under Emperor Vespasian who dedicated it to his successor Titus, both members of the Flavian dynasty. The theater was also a gift to the Romans from the Flavian dynasty to increase their popularity and a masterpiece to show off Roman engineering to the world.  
 
60.000 Jewish slaves built the Colosseum out of 100.000 cubic meters of travertine stone and concrete. It was supposed to be used for entertainment, gladiator contests, mock battles, animal haunts and dramas based on classical mythology. For mock sea battles the Colosseum could even be flooded with water and to protect the crowd from heat and rain during events, the huge place could be also covered with an enormous piece of textile, a kind of awning, that could be pulled manually over the top of the seating area to provide shade and protection. Since Romans then not only got free entry to the Colosseum but also free food, mainly raw vegetables, the cover never could stay long closed and had to be removed again because of the  uprising bad smell. Hard to imagine today, but the Colosseum had 80 entrances and could accommodate between 50.000 and 80.000 spectators. More than half a million people lost their lives during the "spectacles" and over a million wild animals were killed in the Colosseum throughout the "people versus animals" games.  The structure of the Colosseum was damaged over the course of 2.000 years mainly by natural disasters, the earthquakes of 847 A.D and 1231 A.D caused most of the damage we can see today. Parts of the marble facade and the structure of the amphitheater were used for the construction of Saint Peter's Basilica in Vatican City.
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